Vitamins for Eye Health

Betty Chaffee/ November 11, 2019/ Dietary Supplements, Self management/ 4 comments

All five of our senses are important to maintaining a good quality of life. But when vision is threatened, our independence and even our whole way of life may be at risk. Many of us want to do what we can to keep our eyes healthy, and a question that commonly comes up is whether it's useful to take vitamins marketed for eye health.

eye vitamins on pharmacy shelfBut when you go to your favorite pharmacy, you're likely to find a wide array of eye vitamins. Which one should you choose? Let's talk about which vitamins are important, and who is likely to benefit from them.

Can vitamin supplements help maintain eye health?

Well, it depends . It turns out that the best research only addressed one specific eye disorder. So let's start there.

Vitamins for Age-related eye disease

Macular degeneration (or age-related macular degeneration, AMD) is a relatively common age-related eye disorder that can lead to blindness. Scientists studied the effect of a certain combination of vitamins on the progression of AMD. The most recent study was called AREDS-2 (the Age-Related Eye Disease Study #2). People with early stage AMD were studied; some took a certain combination of vitamins and antioxidants for five years and some did not. After 5 years, those who took the supplement were far less likely to develop advanced AMD than those who did not.

The supplement combination studied, though, was quite specific. Researchers chose ingredients based on the theory that they could prevent retinal damage from light. The daily AREDS-2 formula contained:

      • Lutein 10mg
      • Zeaxanthin 2mg
      • Vitamin C 500mg
      • Vitamin E 400 units
      • zinc oxide 25-80mg
      • cupric oxide 2mg

Bottom line, if you are at high risk of developing progressive AMD, taking a vitamin supplement containing the AREDS-2 formula will decrease your risk of vision loss over the coming years.

The trick is finding the product that contains these exact ingredients!

As we've said before in BetterMyMeds posts, always look at the label! The three labels shown below are from common products found on the same shelf at many pharmacies. They all have different names and manufacturers, different ingredients and amounts; one shows amounts per serving AND amounts per day.

To make sure you purchase the right product, before you go to the pharmacy, write down the AREDS-2 ingredient list (with amounts) and take it with you to compare with products on the shelf. Note whether the daily amounts are contained in one tablet/capsule, or whether you have to take it more than once each day. If you're not sure (or forget your reading glasses), enlist the help of the pharmacist on duty. It takes more time to choose the right product, and it may not be the one that's on sale. But taking these steps will help you get the best value from your supplement and protect your vision.

Preservision - AREDS formula











Vitamins for healthy eyes or non-AMD eye disorders

Don't let that multitude of products on the pharmacy shelf fool you. The only conclusive research showing that supplements protect vision came from AREDS-2. If you aren't at high risk of progressive vision loss from AMD, there's no conclusive evidence that taking eye vitamins will benefit you. So what can you do to keep your eyes healthy?

Eat a healthy diet

A balanced diet, including plenty of fruits and vegetables, protein (from both meat and non-meat sources), and fatty fish like salmon or tuna on occasion will provide your body with vitamins it needs to stay healthy. It can also help you maintain a healthy weight and prevent the onset of diabetes, which is a leading cause of blindness.

If you smoke, get help to stop

Smoking increases the risk of cataracts and AMD. There's plenty of help out there if you are considering quitting. Don't give up!

Wear sunglasses

Summer, fall, winter, spring. Ultraviolet light from sunshine can cause damage to eyes no matter the season, increasing the risk of cataracts and AMD. Be sure to look for high-quality sunglasses that will adequately protect you from those rays. 

Rest your eyes occasionally while using your computer

Staring at a computer, phone, or tablet for long periods can exposes the eyes to dangerous amounts of light. Learn more about how the light from digital devices can affect your eyes, and how to prevent vision problems.

See your eye care professional regularly

If you don't already have a regular optometrist (OD) or ophthalmologist (MD), find one near you and make an appointment to have your eyes examined. Seeing an eye care professional regularly is key to preventing vision loss down the road.

Keep your eyes as healthy as possible!

If you have AMD or are at high risk of developing it, the AREDS-2 vitamin formula might be for you. But choose your product carefully! If you aren't at risk of AMD, you may not benefit from taking vitamins intended for eye health. As always, if you have any questions or comments, share them at the end of this article or contact us at BetterMyMeds.



Share this Post

About Betty Chaffee

Betty Chaffee, PharmD, is owner and sole proprietor of BetterMyMeds, a Medication Management service devoted to helping people get the maximum benefit from their medications.


  1. Great article, Betty.
    Another thing for readers to be aware of is the potential for some medications, both prescription and OTC, so produce eye related side effects. Some medications can cause dryness of the eyes and blurred vision. When taking certain prescription medications such as hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) or isoniazid (INH), it is important to have regular eye exams to determine if these medications may be adversely affecting your eyes.

    1. Thanks for adding that important point, Alan!

  2. Thanks for this information. AMD does not run in my family but I’ve always worried about the light from my computer. I spend a lot of time on my computer. I hope the LED displays are much better than the old cathode ray tube monitors. I do use a program on my computer that reduces the amount of high frequency light when I’m watching during the evening. I’m assuming it helps.
    As I was reading those supplement facts, some refer to amount in milligrams (mg), and others use IU. Why is there not consistency in reporting? Seems Vitamin E should be Vitamin E.

    1. Tony –
      It sounds like you’re doing your best to protect your eyes. I don’t what kind of program you’re using to reduce the amount of blue light, but it might be a good idea to take a closer look at exactly what it does to be sure it’s protecting you.
      Regarding vitamin E, there’s a push to move toward reporting dosages in mg now rather than international units (IU). You’ll likely see both measurements on labels for a while, until everything gets standardized to mg.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *